火狐体育

化妝品包裝材料安全嗎?

jinnianlai,quanqiuhuazhuangpinxingyedouzaixunsufazhan,liandaihuazhuangpinbaozhuangshichangguimoyebuduanzengchang。genjumarketsand marketsfabudebaogaoxianshi,2025nianquanqiuhuazhuangpinbaozhuangshichangguimoyujikeda609yimeiyuan(yueherenminbi4259.4yiyuan)。huazhuangpinbaozhuangzuoweixiandaihuazhuangpingongyedezuihouyidaogongxu,bujinyaobaohuneirongwudeweishenganquan,gengbunengyinweizishendeyuanyinwuranhuazhuangpin,zengjianeirongwudebuanquanyinsu。

1.      化妝品常用包裝材料及其安全性

化妝品包裝的材料非常多樣,較為常見的有:玻璃、金屬、塑料、紙質軟包裝等。其中塑料包裝的市場份額超過70%[1]

化妝品,包裝材料,包裝,安全,安全性

化妝品各類包裝材料的市場份額

1.1    玻璃包裝

bolibaozhuangtoumingmeiguan、buyishentou、huaxuewendingxinghao,yizhiyilaidoubeishougaoduanhuazhuangpinshichangdeqinglai,yeshizhenkonghuazhuangpinbaozhuangdeshouxuancailiao。qiebolizhipinfangbianxunhuanzaishengchan,jianshaohuanjingwurandetongshihuannengjieyueziyuan。danbolicailiaocunzaizhongliangda、yiposui、diwenmingan、chengbengaodengwenti。

conganquanjiaodulaishuo,bolidezhuyaochengfenweieryanghuagui,shiyizhongduoxingcailiao,zuoweizhijiejiechucailiaobuyiduihuazhuangpinanquanzaochengyingxiang。danyoushihouweilegaibianbolidesecaihuozhezheguang,shengchanqiyehuitianjiayixiejinshuyuansu,zhejiuzengjialewuzhiqianyidefengxian。

1.2    金屬包裝

jinshubaozhuangzuqixing、fangchaoxing、zheguangxinghebaoxiangxingdoubijiaoyouyi,zhuyaoyingyongyukouhong、hushoushuang、fenbingdengchanpin。danqihuaxuewendingxingjiaocha,zuoweizhijiejiechucailiao,xuyaoneitucenggelibaohu,fouzeyiyingxianghuazhuangpinzhiliang。jinnianlaichunjinshudebaozhuangyeyuelaiyueshao,yibanchangjiandeweijinshuhesuliaoxiangjiehedebaozhuang。

1.3    塑料包裝

suliaoshimuqianhuazhuangpinbaozhuangzhongyingyongzuiguangfandecailiao,danqianquanxingyeshijiaonanbaozhangde。suliaobaozhuangbizhongxiao、yizhuse、naishuai、kesuxingqiang、jiagedilian,shihedaguimoshengchan。erqietadeyinshuaxingnengyehenhao,nengbabiaoqianbiaoshidengzhijieyinzaibiaomian。

化妝品用塑料容器一般會由樹脂原料和相關助劑組成,常用的樹脂原料有聚乙烯(PE)、聚丙烯(PP)、聚對苯二甲酸乙二醇酯(PET)、聚氯乙烯(PVT)等。為了改良塑料包材的一些性能,會添加一定量的助劑,例如增塑劑、穩定劑、抗氧化劑等。這些添加劑能較好地起到改善包裝化學性能的作用,但也可能會在化妝品儲存過程中遷移出來,影響產品的品質和安全性[2]。塑料的回收也很常見,再次使用時為了改善其性能,會加入更多的添加劑,安全風險隨之增加。此外,塑料樹脂合成過程中可能殘留單體,遇到光照或者高溫時會有析出風險,如果該材料用于化妝品包裝,也很可能會遷移到化妝品中,從而危害消費者健康[3]


2.      化妝品接觸性材料安全性監管

化妝品安全性是全球范圍內廣受關注的問題,不同國家和地區有不同法律法規以保障其安全性。但化妝品包裝安全性,雖部分國家和地區有一定考量,但基本沒有明確提出如何評價化妝品包裝安全性,可見化妝品包裝材料安全性標準缺失是全球共性問題[4]


2.1    其他國家或地區相關法律法規

2.1.1          歐盟

oumeng《huazhuangpinfagui1223/2009(regulation (ec) n° 1223/2009)》zhongbingmeiyouduichanpinbaozhuangcailiaoanquanjinxingzhijiedeguiding,danzaidi17tiaozhichu:huazhuangpinzhongyintianranhuohechengyuanliaozazhi、shengchanguocheng、chucun、baozhuangqianyierchanshengdeshaoliangjinyongwuzhi,erqiezhexiewuzhizaigmp jishutiaojianxiashibukebimiande,zegaihuazhuangpinzaimanzurentianquandeqiantixiakeyixiaoshou。 ciwai,fului-huazhuangpinanquanbaogaozhongyezhichu:xuyaobaokuochanpinbaozhuangcailiaodexiangguanxinxi,tebieshiqichunduhewendingxing。

2.1.2          美國

1989nianzhidingde《baozhuangcailiaozhongyouduwuzhikongzhishifanfagui(model toxics in packaging legislation)》,shiyixiangzhizaijianshaobaozhuangcailiaozhongmouxieyouhaiwuzhihanliangdexiediaofagui,qieyou1992nianchenglidetpch (toxics in packaging clearing house)zhuanmenfuzezaimeiguotuiguanghexiediaoshishi。meiguo《lianbangshipin、yaopinhehuazhuangpinfa》(federal food drugs and cosmetic act)guiding:huazhuangpinrongqihuochanpinbudehanyouzaishiyongshikenenghuiyinqiweihaidewuzhi(meijiaoyouranfajichuwai)。

2.1.3          日本

duiyuhuazhuangpindebaozhuangcailiaodeanquanxing,ribenmeiyoufaguiduiqijinxingzhuanmendeguiding,yuanzeshangyingfuhe《yaoshifa(pharmaceutical affairs law)》dexiangguanguiding,ji:zaikeyujiandeshiyongtiaojianxia,budeduirentijiankangzaochengsunhai。

2.1.4          國際標準

guojibiaozhunhuazuzhideiso 22715:2006《huazhuangpin-baozhuanghebiaoqian(cosmetics - packaging and labelling)》zhichu:baozhuangdeshejiyingquebaozaizhizaoshangguidingdeyongyucunchu,yunshuhechulidetiaojianxia,fangzhisunhuaihebianzhi,bingqiebuhuiduichanpinzaochengbuliyingxiang。

ISO 22716:2007《化妝品良好生產規范(Cosmetics -Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP)-Guidelines on Good Manufacturing Practices)》6 原料和包裝材料中規定:包裝材料應該進行評估檢驗,確保符合要求。7.3 包裝操作中提到:需要有包裝材料清單。9.3 驗收標準中明確:包裝材料應建立管理標準。


2.2    我國化妝品包裝材料合規要求

2020nian6yue29ri,guowuyuanduiwaifabu《huazhuangpinjianduguanlitiaoli》(guolingdi727hao),bingyu2021nian1yue1riqishixing。tiaolizhongdisanshitiaozhichu:huazhuangpinyuanliao、zhijiejiechuhuazhuangpindebaozhuangcailiaoyingdangfuheqiangzhixingguojiabiaozhun、jishuguifan。qietiaolizhongyetidao:huazhuangpinzhuceren、beianren、shoutuoshengchanqiyeyingdangjianlibingzhixingyuanliaoyijizhijiejiechuhuazhuangpindebaozhuangcailiaojinhuochayanjiluzhidu、chanpinxiaoshoujiluzhidu;shiyongbufuheqiangzhixingguojiabiaozhun、jishuguifandeyuanliao、zhijiejiechuhuazhuangpindebaozhuangcailiao,xuyaochengdanyidingdefalvzeren。

《huazhuangpinanquanjishuguifan》(2015nianban)gaishuzhongyoumingquedebaozhuangcailiaoyaoqiu:zhijiejiechuhuazhuangpindebaozhuangcailiaoyingdanganquan,budeyuhuazhuangpinfashenghuaxuefanying,budeqianyihuoshifangduirentichanshengweihaideyouduyouhaiwuzhi。《huazhuangpinshengchanxukejianchayaodian》guiding:qiyeyingjianliyuanliao、baozhuangcailiao、zhongjianchanpinhechengpinjianyanbiaozhun,anzhaoxiangyingzhiliangbiaozhunduiyuanliao、baozhuangcailiao、zhongjianchanpinhechengpinjinxingjianyan。《qb/t 1685-2006 huazhuangpinchanpinbaozhuangwaiguanyaoqiu》zhongbaozhuangcaizhiyaoqiuwei:huazhuangpinbaozhuangcailiaoyingdanganquan,budeduirentizaochengshanghai。《guangdongshenghuazhuangpinanquantiaoli》dishisantiaoguiding:yongyushengchanhuazhuangpinsuoxudeyuanliao、zhijiejiechuhuazhuangpinderongqihebaozhuangcailiaoyingdangfuheguojiayouguanbiaozhunhuozheguiding。

guojiayaojianjuhuazhuangpinjianguansiyujinnian7yue29rifabude《huazhuangpinanquanpinggujishudaoze》(zhengqiuyijiangao)zhongduibaozhuangcailiaodeanquanxingyejinxingleguiding。chanpinlihuawendingxingpingjiaxubaokuo:duiyuneirongwujiechurongqihuozaitidewuliwendingxingyijiyuchanpindexiangrongxingjinxingfengxianpinggu;kecankaobaozhuanghuozaitigongyingshangdeanquanziliaohuoanquanshengmingdengziliao,duirongqidewendingxingjinxingfengxianpinggu。

jiumuqianlaishuo,woguohuazhuangpinbaozhuangcailiaodejianguan,xiangjiaoyushipinheyaopin,shangchuyuchujijieduan,yebingmeiyoutebiexiangxidefalvfaguiyaoqiu。xiaofeizheshenzhishiyixieshengchanqiye,duihuazhuangpinzhijiejiechucailiaodeanquanxingrenshidoubijiaomohu。jianyuxianjieduanduihuazhuangpinanquanfengxiandejianguanbianyan,qidaijianguanbumennengwanshanhuazhuangpinzhijiejiechucailiaojianguanjizhihejianyanjianceguizhangbiaozhun,genghaodebaozhanghuazhuangpinzhengtideanquanxing。

[1] wangxuefei, liting, dongweifu. huazhuangpinbaozhuangcailiaojiqianquanxing[j]. suliaobaozhuang, 2018, 28(4):9-15.

[2] huangpeng, fuqi, qiaozhijie, deng. duihuazhuangpinanquanyubaozhuangcailiaoguanxidesikao[j]. xiangjingxiangliaohuazhuangpin, 2014, (1):49-51.

[3] zhangqunying. huazhuangpinbaozhuangcailiaowuzhiqianyijizugexingnengyanjiu[d]. huananligongdaxue, 2013.

[4] wengyunxuan, jinyujuan. jianlibiaozhuntixi,rangsuliaobaozhuanghuazhuangpingenganquan[n]. zhongguoyiyaobao, 2020-9-3(001)


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